About MungerThe city of Munger situated in the state of Bihar is cherished as a historical place. The city of Munger along with Jamalpur is a twin city situated on the southern banks of the river Ganges. Munger city is the administrative headquarters of the Munger district in the southern part of the Indian state of Bihar.
One of the oldest and fourth largest city of Bihar Munger is situated 180 km east of the capital of Patna and 60 km west of Bhagalpur. Munger is closely associated with revolutionary activities in the national freedom struggle. The city has witnessed many major battles and is famous for the production of weapons like rifles and swords. Munger is known for ancient “seat of rule” and is home to the famous learning center “Bihar School of Yoga” in the world of yoga.
Brief History of MungerThe history of Munger dates back to the period of Ramayana and Mahabharatha. Munger famously known as Monghyr was part of Madhyadesha as “midland” of Aryan settlers. Munger is associated with a place called Mod-Giri mentioned in Mahabharata. Also in the Digvijaya parva, a place called Moda-Giri is mentioned which is very similar to Mod-Giri. It is known that Munger was part of the Kingdom of Anga with its capital at Champa near Bhagalpur.
Later it was known in the sixth century BC, the king of Anga was defeated by Bimbisara of Magadha. There is also evidence that Munger was under the rule of the Guptas. The city gained prominence during medieval period when Mir Kasim shifted his capital from Mushidabad to Munger. This happened in 1762. With this arsenal for manufacturing fire arms in the city was established. There after manufacturing of fire arms in Munger has continued till date. When Mir Kasim lost the Battle of Buxar, Munger came under the British Empire and was ruled by them until India gained independence in 1947.
Administrative Setup in MungerThe administrative headquarters of Munger district is the city of Munger. The whole district of Munger is divided into three sub divisions. The sub divisions are Munger Sadar, Kharagpur and Tarapur. The district collector is at the top level of the hierarchy. The sub divisions are headed by the sub-divisional magistrates. There are nine developmental blocks in the district of Munger. They are Jamalpur, Dharahara, Munger, Sangrampur, Tetia Bambar, Kharagpur, Tarapur, Asarganj and Bariapur. The block development officer heads the block level administration. The police department also plays an important role in maintaining law and order throughout the district of Munger.
Famous Places In and Around MungerMunger has a number of famous places to visit. Most of the destinations forms parts of India historical folk lores and folk tales. One can also find historical monuments spread across this city of Bihar. Bihar school of yoga, Munger fort, Tomb of Pir Shah Nufa, Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary, Sita Kund, Kastaharni ghat, Rishi Kund are some of the famous tourist places to visit in Munger. Apart from these there are numerous parks and playgrounds that are often visited by the tourists visiting the city. Boatride at Ganga river is one of the most favored pastime in this part of Bihar
Demographic Profile of MungerThe total population of Munger
city is 3,88,000 as per the 2011 census. Out of the total population,
2,00,000 are males and 1,88,000 are females. The population of the
Munger district is 1,359,054 The sex ratio is 883. The population
density of the district is 800 per square kilometer. The literacy rate
is 73.30 percent.
Economy of MungerBeing one of the largest and oldest cities in the state of Bihar, Munger boasts of a number of industries. There are a few large scale industries in the city of Munger. The Asia’s largest and oldest railway workshop is located in Jamalpur which is near to Munger. The Britishers set up this workshop in the year 1862. Munger is also home to India’s oldest tobacco manufacturing unit which was established by the Britishers and later taken over by ITC Limited.
Industrial Unit in Munger
Munger also has number of gun manufacturing units. Munger is just not famous for age old industries, but also famous for small scale industries. The economy of Munger largely depends on these large scale industries. It is also a commercial hub and there are a number of businesses run by the people of Munger which in turn boosts the economy of Munger. For More Click Here
Geography and Climate of MungerThe district of Munger is surrounded by the Ganges in the north. On the eastern side is the Bhagalpur district and on the western side is the Barh district with the district of Jamui in the southern side. The location of the Kharagpur hills makes Munger a scenic spot with a beautiful landscape. Ganga is that main river that flows through Munger. Munger is situated at 25.381°N and 86.465°E. The climate of Munger is subtropical with warm summers and cold winters. Summer in Munger is very hot and they can reach up to 44 degree celsius during the months of April and May. The city experiences dry summers. The monsoon season in Munger falls in the month of May to the month of September. Winters are cold where the temperature can drop to 6 degree celsius. For More Click Here
Art and Culture of MungerMunger is a city known for its rich and diverse cultural legacy. It is place which serves as a traveler’s paradise and known for its rich religious and historical inheritance. Munger is known to have been ruled by great warrior Karna. The historical monuments in Munger depict the grandiosity of Mughal architecture. There is a unique blend of both Indian and Mughal culture in Munger. Munger is a haven of beauty with its picturesque countryside, historical monuments, exquisite shrines and lastly a spirited culture.& Munger is a place of great mythical interest.
It has a rich mythological connect.Munger is known for its profound spiritual tradition and is famous for Ganga darshan. Munger is a place which will remain a pathfinder for the current and future spiritual awakening of people throughout the world in the field of yoga and tantra. Munger was a spiritual place which belonged to the yogis, rishis and munis. It is noteworthy to say that Munger was a great cultural center where a lot of chanting of mantras and scriptures took place.
Transportation in MungerMunger is well connected to different parts of India by national highways and state highways. It is well connected to the major cities of Bihar like Patna, Ranchi, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarpur, Dhanbad, Gaya, Bokaro etc. by NH 333 and NH 80. Munger has good bus services provided by the BSRTC connecting all major cities and nearby towns. Jamalpur railway station is about 6 km away from Munger and can be easily reached by a taxi. A number of taxis are available at the railway station. It is noteworthy to mention that a mega Munger Ganga Bridge is under construction which will link Munger to different districts of North Bihar and north eastern part of India by the end of 2014. One can travel to Munger by taking a flight to Patna from Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai or Chennai and take a taxi or train from Patna to reach Munger. For More Click Here
Munger at a glanceCountry : India
State : Bihar, India
District: Munger, India
Area: 68 km2
Population Density: 960/sq. km
Sex ratio: 879
Literacy:73.30 per cent
Language: Angika, Hindi
Telephone code: +91-6344